Of all the anorectal conditions, hemorrhoids have the highest rate of occurrence and are commonly believed to be caused by:
Based on their location, hemorrhoids can be classified as follows:
Inflamed and swollen veins above the dentate, also commonly known as primary hemorrhoids. Commonly, internal hemorrhoids are associated with bright red blood covered stools. Over time, the hemorrhoids will start to push outside the anus and may prolapse.
Internal hemorrhoids are typically graded as follows:
Inflamed and swollen veins below the dentate line or skin growth (cutaneous skin tag) at the anus region. Most common symptoms are difficulty cleaning the anus region after bowel movements as well as pain arising from inflammation or blood clots in veins.
External hemorrhoids can typically cause scarring, varicose veins, blood clots, and inflammation.
Inflamed and swollen veins both above and below the dentate line. Major symptoms are typically a combination of both internal and external hemorrhoids and can include bright red blood covered stools, prolapsed hemorrhoids, difficulty in cleaning the anus region after bowel movement, itchiness, mucous discharge, and in serious cases there may be severe pain caused by the prolapsed and inflamed hemorrhoids.
These are external hemorrhoids characterized by blood clots. The clots form when veins become inflamed and the blood supply is cut off. When this occurs, the hemorrhoids split and causes clot formation under the skin. This type can be extremely painful and requires surgery as treatment.
This is a type of internal hemorrhoids that slips below the anal cavity. This happens as the hemorrhoidal tissues become weak.
Women are at a greater risk of developing hemorrhoids.
Through the stresses of pregnancy, childbirth, and postnatal recovery play a part, your physical anatomy puts you at a greater risk compared to your male counterparts.
Your age also plays a role.
As we age, diminishing functional capacity and lower self-healing capabilities put as at a greater risk of developing hemorrhoids.
The most common symptoms of hemorrhoids include the following: