What Causes Anal Fissures?

There’s nothing more frustrating than sharp pains or discomfort when using the washroom as a result of anal fissures. However, it may be more common than you may think.


Below, we define anal fissures and explore the symptoms, causes, and potential treatment options.


What Are Anal Fissures?


An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the lining of the anus. As it expands and contracts during bowel movements, the tear is irritated, thus resulting in pain and, at times, bleeding.


Fortunately, this condition is more uncomfortable than it is dangerous. It affects people of all ages, particularly younger children, and typically heals on its own within four to six weeks.


What Are The Symptoms of Anal Fissures?


You will likely be able to feel the effects of anal fissures before you see them due to the nature of their location. Regardless, some symptoms include:


  • Sharp pains during bowel movements
  • Burning or itching in the anal area
  • Streaks of blood in the stool or left on the toilet paper
  • A visible tear in the skin

What Causes Anal Fissures?


While your internal organs are designed to handle pressure, each one has its limitations. An anal fissure typically is the result of large or hard stools, however, chronic constipation or frequent diarrhea can also play a role.


Other causes include straining due to childbirth or the result of an inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn’s disease.


How Can You Treat Anal Fissures?


Typically, anal fissures will heal on their own. However, there are anal fissure treatments available, such as stool softeners and topical creams, to help alleviate any pain or discomfort during those four to six weeks.


In cases where your anal fissures persist past eight weeks, this is classified as a chronic condition. If the anal fissure does not improve on its own or with the above prescriptions, surgery may be a necessary step. However, consult with your doctor if you have any questions or concerns regarding anal fissure treatments.


Award-winning, innovative and passionate, N.A. Hemorrhoids Centre is a hemorrhoid clinic in Calgary offering reliable hemorrhoid treatment. We are both a regular and emergency hemorrhoid clinic, and we devote ourselves to providing high-quality care for many anorectal diseases. As hemorrhoid specialists, we can treat anal fissures, anal fistulas, anal abscesses, anal itching and more. As a naturopathic hemorrhoid clinic with an international reach, our services are the right solution to treat your sensitive and uncomfortable concerns. Contact us today at 403-796-7551 for more information or to book your appointment.